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FOGO CRIMINOSO – Incêndios registrados na Amazônia têm aumento de 145% neste ano

145% de queimadas e incêndios florestais foram detectados pelo INPE somente neste ano em relação a 2018 na Amazônia. Embora reconheça o problema que antes negava, presidente Bolsonaro insinua que ONGs podem estar por trás das queimadas que já atingem reservas indígenas

As florestas queimam como nunca antes nos últimos cinco anos no Brasil. O país registrou, entre janeiro e o último dia 19 de agosto, um aumento de 83% das queimadas em relação ao mesmo período de 2018, com 72.843 focos de incêndiosaté o momento. Os dados são do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), que monitora o desmatamento por meio de imagens de satélite e foi desacreditado pelo presidente Jair Bolsonaro, que chegou a questionar a veracidade dos dados de desmatamento do instituto.

O fogo está progredindo mesmo em áreas de proteção ambiental: 68 incêndios foram registrados em territórios indígenase áreas de conservação somente nesta semana, a maioria deles na região amazônica. O estado de Mato Grosso, na região centro-oeste do Brasil, lidera as queimadas com 13.682 focos de incêndio em 2019 – um aumento de 87% em relação ao mesmo período do ano passado -, segundo o INPE. Mesmo entre julho e setembro, quando é proibido promover queimadas naquele Estado, houve um aumento de 205% no número de incêndios

Pontos vermelhos mostrame a quantidade de queimadas e incêndios na Amazônia. INPE.

O monitoramento de queimadas e incêndios florestais do Inpe é realizado com imagens de satélites. As informações são comunicadas diretamente às brigadas de combate de fogo no país.

Nos últimos dias a água dos Rios Voadores, que transportam pela atmosfera a umidade da Amazônia para todo o sul e centro-oeste do continente, foi substituída por fumaça, que chegou a ser notada nos estados de São Paulo e Paraná. A causa? A quantidade de focos de incêndio registrados na Amazônia em 2019 é uma das maiores dos últimos anos. De janeiro a 20 de agosto, o número de queimadas na região foi 145% superior ao registrado no mesmo período de 2018.

Na Amazônia brasileira, as taxas de alerta de desmatamento estão ligadas à incidência de fogo, que é uma das principais ferramentas usadas para desmatar. Dos dez municípios da região com maior número de alertas registrado pelo sistema Deter (Inpe), oito também estão no topo do ranking de queimadas.

Nos dias 10 e 11 deste mês, fazendeiros do entorno da BR-163 anunciaram que fariam um “dia de fogo”, segundo noticiaram jornais locais e a Folha de São Paulo. A ação coordenada fez o número de focos de calor aumentar 300% de um dia para o outro na principal cidade da região, Novo Progresso.

“Os que desmatam e destroem a Amazônia se sentem encorajados pelo discurso e pelas ações do governo Bolsonaro que, desde que tomou posse, tem praticado um verdadeiro desmonte da política ambiental do país”, declara Danicley Aguiar, da campanha Amazônia do Greenpeace.

Apenas o recente ataque feito pelo governo contra o Fundo Amazônia já resultou no bloqueio de R$ 288 milhões em doações da Noruega e da Alemanha, trazendo consequências perversas para o combate ao desmatamento e ao fogo na Amazônia. No fim de 2018, as ações de monitoramento e controle, entre elas prevenção e combate a incêndios florestais e queimadas não autorizadas, representavam 47% do valor destinado aos projetos apoiados pelo Fundo, totalizando R$ 891 milhões. Desse total, cerca de 90% foram destinados a projetos implementados por entidades da administração pública brasileira (governos federal, estaduais e municipais), revelando a importância estratégica do Fundo para a conservação da Amazônia.

As queimadas e as mudanças climáticas operam em um ciclo vicioso: quanto mais queimadas, mais emissões de gases de efeito estufa e, quanto mais o planeta aquece, maior será a frequência de eventos extremos, tais como as grandes secas que passaram a ser recorrentes na Amazônia. Para além das emissões, o desmatamento colabora diretamente para uma mudança no padrão de  chuvas na região, que amplia a duração da estação seca, afetando ainda mais a floresta, a biodiversidade, a agricultura e a saúde humana.

Com informações do Greenpeace

Sobre admin

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